Ketamine helps treat
  • Major Depression
  • Bipolar Depression
  • Postpartum Depression
  • Severe Anxiety
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Fibromyalgia and Pain Syndromes


Ketamine Treatment Centers offers infusions as a simple outpatient procedure. Following a consultation to determine the appropriateness and safety of this treatment, patients are guided each step of the way with the help of a clinical coordinator to ensure a smooth, supportive process. Because the effects of a single infusion are short-lived, patients who show response (>70% will show response) will receive a series of infusions over a 2-3 week period. This is an off-label use of ketamine, meaning that the FDA has not approved this medication for this use. However, its safety and effectiveness have been demonstrated in multiple research studies, and off-label prescribing is a common and necessary practice in all fields of medicine.

Unlike most commonly prescribed oral anti-depressant medications that take weeks to months before the patient and practitioner can even decide if the treatment is working, ketamine infusions yield results within hours to days. In fact, most patients will know within hours after their 1st infusion whether or not they are responding. In addition, the side effect profiles for commonly prescribed oral anti-depressant medications are extensive and sometimes life threatening. Far and away the most common experience with our ketamine infusions is to have no side effects in between treatments.


Ketamine Treatment Centers was founded in 2011 by Dr. Steven P. Levine. Though he is a psychiatrist who places great emphasis on the importance of psychotherapy, medication is often a necessary component of treatment, and he was dissatisfied with the relatively ineffective available options with burdensome side effects. Dr. Levine pioneered a protocol for the clinical use of ketamine infusions, has directly supervised many thousands of infusions, and has helped establish similar programs across the country and around the world. Dr. Levine has partnered with Dr. Anand Dugar, a board-certified anesthesiologist, combining the expertise of both psychiatry and anesthesia to provide unrivaled, world-class care for the treatment of major depression, bipolar depression, postpartum depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), fibromyalgia, and pain syndromes. Today, we are proud to have a growing network of Centers around the country bringing this important treatment closer to home for millions more.


Steve Levine, MD



Anand Dugar, MD


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Our Raleigh, NC Team

Andrew Klise, MD

Dr. Andrew Klise is a psychiatrist who began his career as a researcher at the National Institutes of Health and Johns Hopkins. He transitioned to medicine first by gaining a master’s degree in biomedical science then completing his MD at the University of Toledo College of Medicine. Impassioned by his drive to treat patients with severe mental illness, he completed his psychiatry residency at the largest community hospital in the country, Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, FL. Dr. Klise brings a unique blend of interests in mood and anxiety disorders, as well as a focus on advancing the science of ketamine treatment, that furthers the mission of Ketamine Treatment Centers of North Carolina.

Anand Dugar, MD

Dr. Anand Dugar is a Board Certified Anesthesiologist with extensive experience using ketamine as an anesthetic agent. He completed the 6 year combined BS/MD program at Jefferson Medical College, followed by Anesthesiology training at The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Having lived in Raleigh, NC for the last 5 years, Dr. Dugar has taken an interest in his local community and is excited about helping those in need with ketamine infusion therapy.


Robin Jenkins, RN

Ms. Jenkins is a graduate of the historic Watts School of Nursing in Durham, NC and has been a Triangle resident for over 30 years. Specializing in perioperative nursing, Ms. Jenkins has extensive experience in pre-operative and recovery care including many patients who have received ketamine as an anesthetic agent. Having worked with many patients with depression and anxiety, she is excited about the success of ketamine and the relief it can bring so many who are suffering.

Terri Nier

Terri will be the first person to greet you at Ketamine Treatment Centers of Raleigh. Her calm, friendly manner will put you at ease as she assists you with the check in and scheduling processes. Please let us know what you need during your visit, and Terri will be happy to help!

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